Receding gums, or gingival recession as it is medically known, is a condition in which the gums pull back from the tooth surface and expose the roots of the teeth. This recession can also be due to the gums wearing away. Gum recession causes gaps or pockets to form between the teeth and gum line. This makes it easier for bacteria to build up. Receding gums are an indicator of poor dental health and if due care is not given, it can also lead to tooth loss.
What Causes Receding Gums?
Studies show that gum recession can be found in people with both good and poor oral hygiene, leading to the conclusion that gum recession is multifactorial, with one type being associated with anatomical factors and another type being associated with physiological or pathological factors.
Though a very common dental problem, most people do not realize they have gum recession until it is progressed well because the recession is gradual. While the first sign is usually tooth sensitivity, the most typical sign is a notch that can be felt near the gum line. One of the main causes of receding gums is periodontal disease, where bacterial gum infections destroy gum tissue and bone that hold the tooth in place.
Heredity is another common cause of gum recession. Studies have shown that nearly 30 percent of the population may be predisposed to gum disease, regardless of how well they care for their teeth. In females, hormonal changes and fluctuations especially during pregnancy, puberty, etc. can make gums vulnerable to recession.
Aggressive tooth brushing is believed to be another cause for receding gums. So is insufficient oral care. Inadequate or incorrect oral care makes it easy for plaque to build up into tartar, and cause gum recession.
Grinding or clenching of the teeth can also cause receding gums due to the excess force exerted on the teeth. Crooked teeth and a resultant misaligned bite are also believed to be causes for receding gums. Use of tobacco products is yet another cause for receding gums. So are lip or tongue piercings. This jewelry is believed to rub against the gums, cause severe irritation, and result in the wearing away of gums.
How Do You Know You Have Receding Gums?
There are quite a few symptoms associated with receding gums. The most common of these is the shift of the gum tissue which causes the yellow dentin to be exposed. The other symptoms are sensitivity, stained teeth, yellow appearance of roots, susceptibility to decay, long teeth, spaces between teeth, food packing between teeth, etc.
Are There Any Home Remedies To Rectify This?
After decades of trying out multitudes of chemicals and synthetic products for personal well-being, the human populace, it seems, is heading back to its roots. Even the scientific community are finding eye-popping evidence suggesting that herbs, medicinal plants, and the like do have the effectiveness that our forefathers said it did. And more than any other field, herbal extracts have been widely used in the dental field.
Here are a few tried and tested methods that can help cure your problem of receding gums:
1. Green Tea
Free radicals in the mouth can cause periodontal disease, and consequently, receding gums. The catechins present in green tea are antioxidants that will help fight even existing periodontal disease. These catechins will also strengthen the bond between the gums and teeth. The anti-inflammatory properties of green tea will help reduce the swelling of gums that obstruct the proper healing of the gums and oral diseases.
Consume a cup of green tea in the morning every day.
2. Aloe Vera
When it comes to receding gums, aloe vera not only reduces the inflammation of gums but also activates the cells that are important for repair of tissues. Aloe vera also has antibacterial properties that keep infections away from the mouth. The herb has anti-inflammatory as well as cell-repairing capabilities. Aloe vera also encourages soft tissue organization, leaving us with no doubt about its effectiveness in gum recession.
- Use aloe vera gel for brushing.
- Add some water to the aloe vera gel and use as mouthwash every day after brushing your teeth.